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Electrical wiring can be byzantine. Moreover, electrical wires are designed to carry current from one element to another. The popping query is how an electrical wire is even made. Electrical wiring is made up of metals such as copper, aluminum, etc. These metals are used to make wires.

Copper compounds used in electric wiring

Most wires are made out of copper because it conducts electricity with suppleness and with least confrontation. The first stage of wire manufacturing is the wire-drawing conductor through which electricity can flow.

Copper is an ideal metal for electrical wires for several reasons.

  • It is highly electrically conductive

Surpassed only by silver, copper is a highly conductive metal. It means electricity can pass through it with ease, making it idyllic for use in electrical wires.

  • It’s inexpensive

Copper is also relatively low-cost when compared to other metals. Gold, for example, is an exceptional conductor of electricity, but it outlays several times more than copper. If companies used gold to manufacture electrical wires, they’d be bankrupt.

  • It’s supple

Copper isn’t just conducive; it’s also squashy and supple. In other words, you can crook and stretch copper — to some degree — without it flouting or otherwise sustaining damage. Why is this important? Well, electrical wires must often fold away through walls, floors, ceilings, and other constricted spaces. As a result, they’ll unsurprisingly bend and serpent their way around the home or building in which they are used. The ductile properties of copper allow copper electrical wires to bend and flex. They’ll still convey electricity, and they won’t lose any power strength from silhouette malformation.

  • It’s thermal resistant

An advantage of copper electrical wires that’s often ignored is their thermal-resistant properties. According to a survey,

“Electrical fires are highly responsible in residential house fires each year — and that’s not accounting for commercial/business fires.”

Copper electrical wires are innocuous to use than wires made of most other conductive metals because they are impervious to heat.

Electrical wires went through several processes to enhance their conductivity, and to add up the highest quality compounds in the making process of electrical wiring.

Annealing process

When wires endure a heat treatment it is called annealing. Annealing is a process of heating metal and allowing it to cool gradually to remove core pressures and strengthen the metal. The motif of this conduct is to increase the conductivity of the wire.

Insulation of electrical wires

Insulators are different synthetic materials that are used to insulate electrical wires. When the current runs along the outside of the copper wires, insulation became mandatory. They are insulated from other wires and conductive exteriors.

Characteristics of an insulation material

It depends on the characteristics of the cable required. Mainly, it depends on two basic characteristics:

  1. Insulation capacity 
  2. Heat resistance.

Electrical power transmission cable

It has layers of conductive wires thereby providing an outer layer of wires and an inner layer or layers of wires is defined as

  • Bringing together the wires while smearing flowable polymeric compound around at least the wires forming the inner layer or layers.
  •  Putting elements of a water swellable material having a particle size not greater than 200 microns into contact with the polymeric compound.
  •  Extruding a layer of semi-conductive material everywhere the wires; and extruding a layer of insulation around the layer of semi-conductive material.

As you can see, copper is the BEST OF HIGHEST QUALITY COMPOUND and preferred metal for electrical wires to avoid any fiasco on the residential and commercial level.

How to Dispose of CFL Bulbs Responsibly

When it comes to well-being and safety everyone considers precautionary measures. CFL stands for compact fluorescent light bulbs that are an upheaval technology to revolutionize homes and business lighting expertise. But as you know technology is always recurring replace by the most transfigured ones. The same has happened with CFLs that are swapped by LEDs (light-emitting diodes). It is pertinent to note that it could be hazardous when disposing of CFLs negligently because it contains a dicey and lethal metal that requires proper relinquishment.

Why it is necessary to recycle CFL Bulbs?

It is our ethical onus to protect the environment to meet hygiene standards. CFLs do not come under the caption of regular trash, and cannot either be dumped in an old recycling bin. So, you have to grasp local recycling amenities to dispose of old CFLs in an eco-friendly style. Mercury is an essential component of CFL bulbs and it allows the bulb to give light. Each bulb contains about 5 milligrams of mercury that is impenetrable within glass plumbing. To make the understanding easier and sensible older thermometers contain about 1,000 milligrams of mercury. That’s why Manufacturers are taking steps to reduce mercury in their fluorescent lighting products; some CFL bulbs now contain as little as 2 milligrams. But it is important to consider safer ways to recycle old CFLs.

There are a few responsible ways to dispose of old CFL bulbs properly and sensibly.

  • Local garbage heave-up service

The easiest way to dispose off the old lighting technology is through the nearby service you are already getting. What you have to do is to make a call to the local garbage lifters and ask about their mercury pickup facility and recycling services. They usually have the option to drop off harmful materials at their facility instead.

  • Retail Stores

Many stores are formerly engaged in a selling business of CFLs now offer a recycling program for those bulbs. They generally provide you the healthy ways to throw the mercury contained lethal stuff, mostly the home improvement stores also offer a dropbox facility near the outlet. You should have a word with them for a better way to dispose of CFLs.

  • Salvaging Program

Generally, cities and towns offer a municipal recycling program, you have to check and see if they agree to take CFLs. In case if they refuse to take old CFL’s then google the options working in your country. They offer baffling services that could be great resources to help you discover places where you can responsibly recycle your old CFL light bulbs locally.

  • The handiest way to dispose of old CFLs

These old-style light globes can safely be disposed of in your regular bunkum way. Just wrap them in a newspaper or other hard wrapping material before tapping them into your waste bin. But it is pertinent to note that firstly you should contact local garbage lifters and municipal services that offer to heave up the stuff for reprocessing. It is the easiest but least considered option to handle CFLs.

Electrical devices require higher to lower voltages according to their specifications. The risk of voltage spark rises when devices are subject to higher voltages used. Moreover, “voltage surges” and “voltage spikes” sound like identical phenomena they are a bit different, on account of their endurance. A sudden hype in voltage lasting three nanoseconds or more is generally classed as a “voltage surge” though a spike refers to shorter-lived increases in power. But both phenomena are disruptive in a system and cause considerable impairment, generally speaking, voltage surges are considered more destructive. Power surges are one of the “silent killers” of electronic devices. A power surge can be spilt in two to have an easy understanding.

  • Severe voltage surge

It can be experienced when lightning will cause immediate failure of electronic devices. It usually requires expensive repair work or replacement. For instance, a rapid heating and subsequent cooling of electrical wiring. When overheating is repeated over time it creates a condition of electronic rust that would eventually abolish your electrical devices.

  • Small voltage surges

 Low voltages cause damage over a prolonged period. it is also pertinent to note that usually low voltage surge is overlooked. The grave reason for being negligent is it does not cause sudden fiasco. So, you should be careful regarding electronic equipment that is being sullied on a consistent low voltage surge.

How to protect electrical equipment from voltage spikes?

Voltage surges are serious to disastrous when befall from homes to industry. Moreover, damage to a few electrical devices to expensive machinery could bring a hell of demolition. Unapologetically, it is wise to consider surge protection ways to alleviate the risks that power surges can cause.

  • Use of voltage surge protectors that are designed as “gatekeepers” for a system.
  • Surge protectors help to monitor the electrical charge inflowing the system.

What to seek while choosing a surge protector?

  • A surge protector should have a broader range of voltages around the anticipated mean.
  • It should be quick to contempt excess current. The greater speed at which your protector can respond will curtail the risk of damage such as weariness.
  • The surge protectors with moving parts can, as a result, lead to mechanical failure.

How to use a surge protector?

The homeowner can shield against power surges by using a contraption that is called a surge protector. It is plugged into the wall, and has several channels to plug other devices into. The difference between a power strip and a surge protector is surge protectors grips any excess energy running through them. During a surge, the protector transmits excess voltage toward the grounding wire to defuse it.

You should opt for an electrical inquiry of a licensed electrical contracting professional to examine the electrical wiring, who has the experience to fix electrical issues you might be having. Sometimes a timely inspection can save from a creepy disaster that could be incurred as the result of negligence.

Why is My Power Cable Getting Hot?

Heating power cable is a normal phenomenon. It happens when a certain load current passes through an electrical wire. Moreover, the temperature of the power cable depends on a load of current, and the process should be completed in time to avoid lethal consequences. For instance, a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cable entails a core temperature of 70 degrees as the upper limit, and the external temperature is 5 to 10 degrees lower. Consequently, the external cable temperature is safe below 60 degrees. When we talk in the context of safety and power supply maintenance, the lower the temperature, the better.

Core reasons for the heating of the cable during maneuver are as follows:

1. When the cable conductor confrontation does not meet the supplies, it would cause the cable to generate heat during operation.

2. The use of improper cable type could be damaging. When the conductor cross-section of the cable to be used is unusually small, and a surplus phenomenon occurs during operation. With the usage of time, the heat generation and heat indulgence of the cable are unhinged to cause heat generation.

3. When there is a lack of ventilation and heat dissipation, cable installation arrangement is compressed and cables are too close with each other the effects would be shown in hot cables.

4. The joint manufacturing technology necessitates brilliance and depends on these factors.

  • Incorrect crimping
  • Contact resistance at the joint is huge which may cause the cable to generate heat.
  • Cable phase insulation performance is not desirable. It results in less insulation resistance; heating will also occur during operation.

6. The fractional casing of the steel-clad cable is damaged. Moreover, water is destructive for the insulation process, resulting in a gradual decrease in the insulation resistance, which will also cause cables to heat up.

When heating cables left untreated

When the defect is not diagnosed with the heating cable, the insulation will break down after continuous energization. When the cable is a phase-to-phase short-circuit trip, it could cause a fire.

Causes and solutions for the plug power cord heating

The power cord is an essential object of our life. Moreover, electrical appliances are inseparable from the power cord. For instance, the heater plug of the water heater is usually caused by a poor socket. At the same time, it is obligatory to take into account the normal healing miracle. If the surface temperature of the plug is less than the ambient temperature plus 50 degrees Celsius, it is normal, safe, and not problematic. If you have experienced atypical heat, you need to consider replacing the socket or checking the plug and socket, while considering the following points

1. Meagre connection between the plug and the socket, plus the high load power, causing the plug to heat up. Such as electric kettles, electric irons, etc.

2. The inner fitting of the new plug is slack, which is caused by the coarse production process.

3. The old plug is used for a long time, and the insulation performance is sullied.

It is always a head-scratching task to choose conductive metals for different industries and applications. Copper has been ruling the cable market to date because, of its matchless conductivity and limberness. However, copper is relatively heavy and expensive compared to aluminum. Displacing aluminum from copper, which is lighter in weight and suggestively less costly than copper, is a swanky option in many cases.

Aluminum wiring (61% conductivity) is used in residential and commercial echelons on choice and sometimes on demand. It costs low as compared to copper wiring, and most of the time homeowners prefer aluminum wiring when far-flung wiring is required. Consequences of Aluminum wiring holding 61% conductivity are diverse o the board.

The ripple-effects of Aluminum wiring of 61% conductivity

Aluminum wiring has an edge over copper wiring for several reasons. For instance,

  • Aluminum is much lighter than copper.
  • It is supple and bendy than copper.
  • Aluminum wiring is more manageable than well-known copper wiring.
  • Installation of aluminum wiring is cost-effective; in fact, it costs half of the cost of copper wiring. The huge price difference is due to the greater obtainability of raw aluminum.
  • Aluminum has the least fluctuated in the market of raw materials, that’s why it is not as volatile as copper and it gives an upper hand to copper.

 The flip-side of Aluminum Wiring

A sneak peek into the ramifications of the metal that is relatively cheaper to the acclaimed copper fixing.

  • Risk of ignition increases if the installation of aluminum wiring goes wrong.
  • The menace of sparking upsurges when a situation of cold creep arises, because, Aluminum wiring gets to expand and contract when the electric signal travels.
  • Heating wires can mutilate fixtures and cause a fire.
  • The only cost-effective solution would be to alternate the connection cap made with copper.
  • Copper effectively conducts more electricity than aluminum.
  • Aluminum wiring is not as stable as copper and requires bigger conductors to transmit power loads.

Concluding words

In the end, we eventually narrate that both types of wiring options involve their respective advantages and disadvantages. The biggest hitch with Aluminum wiring is its vulnerability to declension that can not meet the life expectancy of copper wire. On the other side of the spectrum, it is also true that after oxygen and silicon, aluminum is the third most common element in the Earth’s upper crust, whereas copper is tiered 25th inaccessibility on the list of raw materials.

The Nafees Cable Industries crowns professionalism and pioneering skill in wire technology. They have relished more than 35 years of being-in-evidence to capture the market by fulfilling customer requirements. it is a hub of cable installation and ensures the client that some electrical installations necessitate aluminum wiring. However, most clients prefer copper wiring because it is generally safer and conducts electricity better. That’s why when a new electrical system is heading for rewiring or installing copper becomes the victor, because, of its durability and performance.

Electrical wiring can be byzantine. Moreover, electrical wires are designed to carry current from one element to another. The popping query is how an electrical wire is even made. Electrical wiring is made up of metals such as copper, aluminum, etc. These metals are used to make wires.

Copper compounds used in electric wiring

Most wires are made out of copper because it conducts electricity with suppleness and with least confrontation. The first stage of wire manufacturing is the wire-drawing conductor through which electricity can flow.

Copper is an ideal metal for electrical wires for several reasons.

  • It is highly electrically conductive

Surpassed only by silver, copper is a highly conductive metal. It means electricity can pass through it with ease, making it idyllic for use in electrical wires.

  • It’s inexpensive

Copper is also relatively low-cost when compared to other metals. Gold, for example, is an exceptional conductor of electricity, but it outlays several times more than copper. If companies used gold to manufacture electrical wires, they’d be bankrupt.

  • It’s supple

Copper isn’t just conducive; it’s also squashy and supple. In other words, you can crook and stretch copper — to some degree — without it flouting or otherwise sustaining damage. Why is this important? Well, electrical wires must often fold away through walls, floors, ceilings, and other constricted spaces. As a result, they’ll unsurprisingly bend and serpent their way around the home or building in which they are used. The ductile properties of copper allow copper electrical wires to bend and flex. They’ll still convey electricity, and they won’t lose any power strength from silhouette malformation.

  • It’s thermal resistant

An advantage of copper electrical wires that’s often ignored is their thermal-resistant properties. According to a survey,

“Electrical fires are highly responsible in residential house fires each year — and that’s not accounting for commercial/business fires.”

Copper electrical wires are innocuous to use than wires made of most other conductive metals because they are impervious to heat.

Electrical wires went through several processes to enhance their conductivity, and to add up the highest quality compounds in the making process of electrical wiring.

Annealing process

When wires endure a heat treatment it is called annealing. Annealing is a process of heating metal and allowing it to cool gradually to remove core pressures and strengthen the metal. The motif of this conduct is to increase the conductivity of the wire.

Insulation of electrical wires

Insulators are different synthetic materials that are used to insulate electrical wires. When the current runs along the outside of the copper wires, insulation became mandatory. They are insulated from other wires and conductive exteriors.

Characteristics of an insulation material

It depends on the characteristics of the cable required. Mainly, it depends on two basic characteristics:

  1. Insulation capacity 
  2. Heat resistance.

Electrical power transmission cable

It has layers of conductive wires thereby providing an outer layer of wires and an inner layer or layers of wires is defined as

  • Bringing together the wires while smearing flowable polymeric compound around at least the wires forming the inner layer or layers.
  •  Putting elements of a water swellable material having a particle size not greater than 200 microns into contact with the polymeric compound.
  •  Extruding a layer of semi-conductive material everywhere the wires; and extruding a layer of insulation around the layer of semi-conductive material.

As you can see, copper is the BEST OF HIGHEST QUALITY COMPOUND and preferred metal for electrical wires to avoid any fiasco on the residential and commercial level.

Electrical fires are common but residential fires can be life-threatening and could damage the property as well. The question is what causes electrical fires and what precautionary measures can be taken to avoid the undesirable situation.

The Most Common Causes of Electrical Fires

A disproportionate heat or a tiny spark can burn to ashes. Here are some of the top causes of electrical fires:

Worn-Out Electrical Wiring

It is important to know the time of your house wiring, if it is more than 20 years ago then chances of electrical fire upsurges due to antiquated wiring. Regrettably, outdated wiring is a burning cause of house fires. Because it is too weak to hold power loads of modern technology and energy consumption. Moreover, it results in power interruption or short circuits.

Fire Prevention Plan:

You should call an electrician for the inspection of home electrical wiring.

Broken-down Electrical Outlets

Electrical fires start in outlets, and ungrounded outlets are more likely to spark, form an electrical bow, or clasp on fire. Even ashore channels can lit a fire if the wiring behind them slackens.

Fire Prevention Plan:

You should timely inspect outlets, a mere sign of damage near soot, sockets or switches require repair. regularly. If the wires are loose, tightening them will reduce the chances of a fire. Always call a qualified electrician for outlet exaltations or stern electrical repairs.

Electrical Circuit Surpluses

Beavering too many cables into a single power socket is a recipe for disaster. Always avoid using a single extension cord to power multiple appliances and electronics at once. If you will go for overcapacity then the circuit will ruin the system and could result in a fire.

Fire Prevention Plan:

Using multiple outlets and safeguarding that appliances have a dedicated circuit could be a responsible option to avoid any loss. If you don’t have then hire an electrician to install more.

Old Appliances

Old electrical appliances are not safe to use. Older appliances lack to meet modern standards when it comes to constituents, erection, and safety regulations. Moreover, obsolete appliances are more likely to have unraveled cords or loose wiring.

Fire Prevention Plan:

If your electrical appliances show signs of electrical damage. You should call an electrician to repair it or dispose of it off.

Light Fittings

Installing a high-wattage bulb in a dissenting lamp is a leading cause of electrical fires. Casing the lamp with a crude cloth lampshade may also result in a fire.

Fire Prevention Plan:

You should check the wattage before installing a new light bulb. Getting too hot is a sign to replace. Only use viable lampshades designed to fit the shape and size of your fixture accordingly.

Despite going through all the guidelines and precautionary measures, there might be some ways to cause electrical fires. An electrician recommends how to stay safe, so an experienced electrician should be hired for timely inspection.

The use of electricity in our daily live is huge and undeniably essential. We cherish the enormous benefits offered by electricity. Installation of electrical safety tips have to be taken under consideration when it comes to renovate your home. Everyone’s home is his valuable asset that’s why its safety highly matters.

If you are making up your mind for giving a classy look to your house by renovating it then it is the spur of the moment to keep in mind all the electrical safety tips. Through this post we are going to highlight the safety measures you need to take while renovating your house. 

Don’t do the following unless you are qualified:

There are few things that you can do by your own but there are some that are and only should be handled by the professionals or qualified persons.

Hire a qualified and professional person for the following:

  • Replacement of light switch
  • Making a power board
  • Making an extension cord
  • Installation of a power point
  • Alteration of a power point
  • Replacement of battery holder
  • Repairing any electrical appliances
  • Replacement of a plug

Other electrical safety measures while renovating a house

New rooms new outlets

Its because your are enlarging your house by building up some new rooms so you must add new outlets too. For this purpose you need to hire an electrician and get this job done in a flawless way.

Any negligence in this regard can make you face glitches like problem in using an extension cord. Any living creature including kids and pets that are around it will be in danger.

Keep in mind the Power Need

It is very important to be fully aware about the power need that is needed for the certain parts of your house. Ignorance in this regard will cause further problems such as there could be overloading of the sockets that already exist. It is highly suggested to be informed about the number of power sockets for staying safer.

Look deeply the Electrical Cables

Detecting the damages that are out of sight in your home is something really necessitous. So before renovating your house you must look deeply and thoroughly the electrical cables, by doing so you will be able to scan the unseen damages. You would realize where the replacement of wiring is required.

Don’t leave the area damp and wet

Home renovation is one huge task that demands great detail of attention and consideration. During the chaotic renovation of house it is natural that the nooks and corners of house collect dust and debris. In this scenario the dampness around the electrical appliances could be highly hazardous. So keep check on this aspect must and keep the area dry.

Light fitting & Heating

Light fitting and heating are something very crucial. You need to assure that while you are fitting the lights they must be enclosed properly. Your bathrooms are the ones that need more attention because that’s where the water system also installed. If the water splashes of shower will be in contact with the lights then it will be really alarming and would cause damage.

There are numerous forms of wires that are manufactures by wide range of materials. One has to be picky while selecting an appropriate wire. The quality of wire matters a lot as its significance cannot be denied at all. Multiple factors have to be taken in account while picking up a right wire such as you have to see its flexibility, weight, abrasion resistance, insulation, longevity and the list goes on.

The role of electrical cables is extremely crucial as it has to ensure whether the conductance is on desired level in an electrical circuit or not. Secondly these cables has to make it sure that in any property the electric circuit may not get overheated.

An electrical wire has to be water and fire resistant. The protection of one’s house is the top most attributes that one thinks of.

If the quality of wiring will be manky and of low quality then it will be a sure threat to all the expensive electrical appliances of your home. For keeping this transparent and flawless you must take it seriously so you can avoid the fatal accidents.

Safety comes first you cannot risk your and others lives so before cherry-picking the electrical wire you must check that it should tick all the right boxes.

What You Need to Know About Electrical Wire

For your convenience we have here amassed top five features of a good quality electrical wire, take a look below:

  1. Higher Quality of Insulation/Sheathing Materials

The electrical wire you choose should have a higher quality insulation. The higher quality it will be the least chance it has to get melted. Don’t compromise on quality, here saving money will be like risking your life. So do consider renowned companies like Nafees Cables for a reliable purchase. Secondly the electrical wire should come with copper coating.

  • Copper wire VS Aluminum

Copper wire always outstands because it is believed to be as best electricity conductors that transmit way better when it comes to conducting electricity. In longer distance Aluminum can suffer with line-losses whereas copper can sustain the current better in this scenario and as Aluminum is cheaper and less reliable in conductivity it has a very less lifespan then a Pure Copper Cable.

  • Longevity

The staying power of electrical wire is one of the key features that one must look for before getting an electrical wire. The finest quality of copper wire keeps the nuisance in form of rust at bay.

  • Armour shield

Armour shield not only ensures the strength of wire rather magnifies it too. It keeps it safe and sound from getting damaged physically because of its steel wires.

  • Energy efficient

A good quality electrical wire has to be energy-efficient too. If it won’t be energy-efficient then it could result in a huge electricity bill.

A buyer has to be very cautious while cherry-picking electrical wire, that’s why one must consider the renowned companies like Nafees Cables that ensure the complete safety of your house. Of course, you will not change the wiring of your valuable property so often, so it’s better to knock the reliable door!

Types of Wires Your House Needs

There is a network of wires that is essentially needed while you are rewiring or building up your property. Even for modern properties the same standard is followed for wiring because basics are the same. Cleat wiring, capping wiring, batten wiring, conduit wiring, lead sheathed wiring are the ones that are used for electrical house wiring. You must know which wire is used in house, the identification of these basic type of wires will be helpful for you.

Types of wires:

Lets get to know these nitty-gritty details of wires your house needs:

Mentioned below are the most common and basic types of wires your house need. Dig deeper and grasp the information that you would find really informative.

  • NM Cable

NM cable is one of the most basics and common wires that are used in house. The other term that is used for NM cable is Romex. This type of wire is used in the internal parts and in absolute dry locations. It is actually a circuit wiring. It comes in a tubular shape that is flat in look. Its network goes through floor and walls of your house. They are unseen. NM cable is used widely in light fixtures.

  • Coaxial Cable

Coaxial wire is though not so common type of wire yet it is considered a standard for tv, cable service or antenna. Now-a-days it is used for the link of satellite dishes.

  • Low-Voltage Wire

This type of wire is used for circuits that usually require almost 50 volts. Low-voltage wires are mostly of tiny size. It has a different look as compare to a standard circuit wire. The use of these wires is for doorbells, landscape lighting, speaker system, sprinkler system and thermostat.

  • THHN/THWN Wire

THHN/THWN are the wires that are solo conductors. It is basically the codes of the two widely common types of wires (insulated) that are used inside the conduit. Both of the wires come with the insulation that is color-coded. These wires are guarded by a plastic conduit. It is used in the areas like garage and basements.

  • UF Cable

UF wire stands for Underground Feeder. It is manufactured for damp and wet zones. This nonmetallic wire is also used in direct internal ground area. It is used in the main circuit wiring and this wire carries a huge voltage. It supplies electricity in outdoor fixtures.

  • Phone + Data Wire

These wires are also of low-volts. There usage is for internet hookups and for landline. These wires widely used for transmitting data and phone. It has an optimal quality and plenty of capacity as compare to a common phone wire. It is low-voltage wire that makes it safe to use.

So these are the wires your house and your property needs whether you are going to build a new one or you are going to renovate it. To have a little know-how of these electrical wires is literally a half a battle.

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