Electrical wiring can be byzantine. Moreover, electrical wires are designed to carry current from one element to another. The popping query is how an electrical wire is even made. Electrical wiring is made up of metals such as copper, aluminum, etc. These metals are used to make wires.
Copper compounds used in electric wiring
Most wires are made out of copper because it conducts electricity with suppleness and with least confrontation. The first stage of wire manufacturing is the wire-drawing conductor through which electricity can flow.
Copper is an ideal metal for electrical wires for several reasons.
It is highly electrically conductive
Surpassed only by silver, copper is a highly conductive metal. It means electricity can pass through it with ease, making it idyllic for use in electrical wires.
Copper is also relatively low-cost when compared to other metals. Gold, for example, is an exceptional conductor of electricity, but it outlays several times more than copper. If companies used gold to manufacture electrical wires, they’d be bankrupt.
Copper isn’t just conducive; it’s also squashy and supple. In other words, you can crook and stretch copper — to some degree — without it flouting or otherwise sustaining damage. Why is this important? Well, electrical wires must often fold away through walls, floors, ceilings, and other constricted spaces. As a result, they’ll unsurprisingly bend and serpent their way around the home or building in which they are used. The ductile properties of copper allow copper electrical wires to bend and flex. They’ll still convey electricity, and they won’t lose any power strength from silhouette malformation.
It’s thermal resistant
An advantage of copper electrical wires that’s often ignored is their thermal-resistant properties. According to a survey,
“Electrical fires are highly responsible in residential house fires each year — and that’s not accounting for commercial/business fires.”
Copper electrical wires are innocuous to use than wires made of most other conductive metals because they are impervious to heat.
Electrical wires went through several processes to enhance their conductivity, and to add up the highest quality compounds in the making process of electrical wiring.
When wires endure a heat treatment it is called annealing. Annealing is a process of heating metal and allowing it to cool gradually to remove core pressures and strengthen the metal. The motif of this conduct is to increase the conductivity of the wire.
Insulation of electrical wires
Insulators are different synthetic materials that are used to insulate electrical wires. When the current runs along the outside of the copper wires, insulation became mandatory. They are insulated from other wires and conductive exteriors.
Characteristics of an insulation material
It depends on the characteristics of the cable required. Mainly, it depends on two basic characteristics:
Electrical power transmission cable
It has layers of conductive wires thereby providing an outer layer of wires and an inner layer or layers of wires is defined as
Bringing together the wires while smearing flowable polymeric compound around at least the wires forming the inner layer or layers.
Putting elements of a water swellable material having a particle size not greater than 200 microns into contact with the polymeric compound.
Extruding a layer of semi-conductive material everywhere the wires; and extruding a layer of insulation around the layer of semi-conductive material.
As you can see, copper is the BEST OF HIGHEST QUALITY COMPOUND and preferred metal for electrical wires to avoid any fiasco on the residential and commercial level.
Electrical fires are common but residential fires can be life-threatening and could damage the property as well. The question is what causes electrical fires and what precautionary measures can be taken to avoid the undesirable situation.
The Most Common Causes of Electrical Fires
A disproportionate heat or a tiny spark can burn to ashes. Here are some of the top causes of electrical fires:
Worn-Out Electrical Wiring
It is important to know the time of your house wiring, if it is more than 20 years ago then chances of electrical fire upsurges due to antiquated wiring. Regrettably, outdated wiring is a burning cause of house fires. Because it is too weak to hold power loads of modern technology and energy consumption. Moreover, it results in power interruption or short circuits.
Fire Prevention Plan:
You should call an electrician for the inspection of home electrical wiring.
Broken-down Electrical Outlets
Electrical fires start in outlets, and ungrounded outlets are more likely to spark, form an electrical bow, or clasp on fire. Even ashore channels can lit a fire if the wiring behind them slackens.
Fire Prevention Plan:
You should timely inspect outlets, a mere sign of damage near soot, sockets or switches require repair. regularly. If the wires are loose, tightening them will reduce the chances of a fire. Always call a qualified electrician for outlet exaltations or stern electrical repairs.
Electrical Circuit Surpluses
Beavering too many cables into a single power socket is a recipe for disaster. Always avoid using a single extension cord to power multiple appliances and electronics at once. If you will go for overcapacity then the circuit will ruin the system and could result in a fire.
Fire Prevention Plan:
Using multiple outlets and safeguarding that appliances have a dedicated circuit could be a responsible option to avoid any loss. If you don’t have then hire an electrician to install more.
Old electrical appliances are not safe to use. Older appliances lack to meet modern standards when it comes to constituents, erection, and safety regulations. Moreover, obsolete appliances are more likely to have unraveled cords or loose wiring.
Fire Prevention Plan:
If your electrical appliances show signs of electrical damage. You should call an electrician to repair it or dispose of it off.
Installing a high-wattage bulb in a dissenting lamp is a leading cause of electrical fires. Casing the lamp with a crude cloth lampshade may also result in a fire.
Fire Prevention Plan:
You should check the wattage before installing a new light bulb. Getting too hot is a sign to replace. Only use viable lampshades designed to fit the shape and size of your fixture accordingly.
Despite going through all the guidelines and precautionary measures, there might be some ways to cause electrical fires. An electrician recommends how to stay safe, so an experienced electrician should be hired for timely inspection.
The use of electricity in our daily live is huge and undeniably essential. We cherish the enormous benefits offered by electricity. Installation of electrical safety tips have to be taken under consideration when it comes to renovate your home. Everyone’s home is his valuable asset that’s why its safety highly matters.
If you are making up your mind for giving a classy look to your house by renovating it then it is the spur of the moment to keep in mind all the electrical safety tips. Through this post we are going to highlight the safety measures you need to take while renovating your house.
Don’t do the following unless you are qualified:
There are few things that you can do by your own but there are some that are and only should be handled by the professionals or qualified persons.
Hire a qualified and professional person for the following:
Replacement of light switch
Making a power board
Making an extension cord
Installation of a power point
Alteration of a power point
Replacement of battery holder
Repairing any electrical appliances
Replacement of a plug
Other electrical safety measures while renovating a house
New rooms new outlets
Its because your are enlarging your house by building up some new rooms so you must add new outlets too. For this purpose you need to hire an electrician and get this job done in a flawless way.
Any negligence in this regard can make you face glitches like problem in using an extension cord. Any living creature including kids and pets that are around it will be in danger.
Keep in mind the Power Need
It is very important to be fully aware about the power need that is needed for the certain parts of your house. Ignorance in this regard will cause further problems such as there could be overloading of the sockets that already exist. It is highly suggested to be informed about the number of power sockets for staying safer.
Look deeply the Electrical Cables
Detecting the damages that are out of sight in your home is something really necessitous. So before renovating your house you must look deeply and thoroughly the electrical cables, by doing so you will be able to scan the unseen damages. You would realize where the replacement of wiring is required.
Don’t leave the area damp and wet
Home renovation is one huge task that demands great detail of attention and consideration. During the chaotic renovation of house it is natural that the nooks and corners of house collect dust and debris. In this scenario the dampness around the electrical appliances could be highly hazardous. So keep check on this aspect must and keep the area dry.
Light fitting & Heating
Light fitting and heating are something very crucial. You need to assure that while you are fitting the lights they must be enclosed properly. Your bathrooms are the ones that need more attention because that’s where the water system also installed. If the water splashes of shower will be in contact with the lights then it will be really alarming and would cause damage.
There are numerous forms of wires that are manufactures by wide range of materials. One has to be picky while selecting an appropriate wire. The quality of wire matters a lot as its significance cannot be denied at all. Multiple factors have to be taken in account while picking up a right wire such as you have to see its flexibility, weight, abrasion resistance, insulation, longevity and the list goes on.
The role of electrical cables is extremely crucial as it has to ensure whether the conductance is on desired level in an electrical circuit or not. Secondly these cables has to make it sure that in any property the electric circuit may not get overheated.
An electrical wire has to be water and fire resistant. The protection of one’s house is the top most attributes that one thinks of.
If the quality of wiring will be manky and of low quality then it will be a sure threat to all the expensive electrical appliances of your home. For keeping this transparent and flawless you must take it seriously so you can avoid the fatal accidents.
Safety comes first you cannot risk your and others lives so before cherry-picking the electrical wire you must check that it should tick all the right boxes.
What You Need to Know About Electrical Wire
For your convenience we have here amassed top five features of a good quality electrical wire, take a look below:
Higher Quality of Insulation/Sheathing Materials
The electrical wire you choose should have a higher quality insulation. The higher quality it will be the least chance it has to get melted. Don’t compromise on quality, here saving money will be like risking your life. So do consider renowned companies like Nafees Cables for a reliable purchase. Secondly the electrical wire should come with copper coating.
Copper wire VS Aluminum
Copper wire always outstands because it is believed to be as best electricity conductors that transmit way better when it comes to conducting electricity. In longer distance Aluminum can suffer with line-losses whereas copper can sustain the current better in this scenario and as Aluminum is cheaper and less reliable in conductivity it has a very less lifespan then a Pure Copper Cable.
The staying power of electrical wire is one of the key features that one must look for before getting an electrical wire. The finest quality of copper wire keeps the nuisance in form of rust at bay.
Armour shield not only ensures the strength of wire rather magnifies it too. It keeps it safe and sound from getting damaged physically because of its steel wires.
A good quality electrical wire has to be energy-efficient too. If it won’t be energy-efficient then it could result in a huge electricity bill.
A buyer has to be very cautious while cherry-picking electrical wire, that’s why one must consider the renowned companies like Nafees Cables that ensure the complete safety of your house. Of course, you will not change the wiring of your valuable property so often, so it’s better to knock the reliable door!
There is a network of wires that is essentially needed while you are rewiring or building up your property. Even for modern properties the same standard is followed for wiring because basics are the same. Cleat wiring, capping wiring, batten wiring, conduit wiring, lead sheathed wiring are the ones that are used for electrical house wiring. You must know which wire is used in house, the identification of these basic type of wires will be helpful for you.
Types of wires:
Lets get to know these nitty-gritty details of wires your house needs:
Mentioned below are the most common and basic types of wires your house need. Dig deeper and grasp the information that you would find really informative.
NM cable is one of the most basics and common wires that are used in house. The other term that is used for NM cable is Romex. This type of wire is used in the internal parts and in absolute dry locations. It is actually a circuit wiring. It comes in a tubular shape that is flat in look. Its network goes through floor and walls of your house. They are unseen. NM cable is used widely in light fixtures.
Coaxial wire is though not so common type of wire yet it is considered a standard for tv, cable service or antenna. Now-a-days it is used for the link of satellite dishes.
This type of wire is used for circuits that usually require almost 50 volts. Low-voltage wires are mostly of tiny size. It has a different look as compare to a standard circuit wire. The use of these wires is for doorbells, landscape lighting, speaker system, sprinkler system and thermostat.
THHN/THWN are the wires that are solo conductors. It is basically the codes of the two widely common types of wires (insulated) that are used inside the conduit. Both of the wires come with the insulation that is color-coded. These wires are guarded by a plastic conduit. It is used in the areas like garage and basements.
UF wire stands for Underground Feeder. It is manufactured for damp and wet zones. This nonmetallic wire is also used in direct internal ground area. It is used in the main circuit wiring and this wire carries a huge voltage. It supplies electricity in outdoor fixtures.
Phone + Data Wire
These wires are also of low-volts. There usage is for internet hookups and for landline. These wires widely used for transmitting data and phone. It has an optimal quality and plenty of capacity as compare to a common phone wire. It is low-voltage wire that makes it safe to use.
So these are the wires your house and your property needs whether you are going to build a new one or you are going to renovate it. To have a little know-how of these electrical wires is literally a half a battle.
These are also called fire survival cables and are relatively low cost. The pro of this type of electrical wiring is, in case of fire, it will be confined to a small area. Fire hazard is reduced due to fire propagation.
Low Smoke And Fume Fire Retardant Cables (LSF)
Low Smoke – LSZH Cables release low smoke and fume during a fire hazard. Moreover, PVC Compounds after the inclusion of smoke suppressant and flame retardant additives halt smoke to spread and suffocate the area, but it is not Halogen free.
Low Smoke Zero Halogen Fire Retardant (LSZH)
LSZH cables performed well on fire attack but also comprised of Halogen-free properties, thus aids low corrosivity and noxiousness. When the particular area is wrapped by fire and fumes, these cables emit less smoke and acidic gasses, thus are not harmful to the human respiratory system. The persistent cables are life and asset friendly in comparison to the traditional electrical wiring system. Low Smoke Zero Halogen Fire Retardant (LSZH) is also environmentally friendly.
Other unique benefits of Low Smoke – LSZH Cables
It has vast halogen-free advantages, as it emits low smoke
Increased time to exit the fire area
Less harmful emissions
These cables are undoubtedly a safer choice
Fewer chances of life loss
Environmental friendly than PVC compound
LSZH cables are not suitable for every application
Although cables made using halogenated compounds such as PVC and FEP have been disregarded as hazardous during a fire, LSZH cables are not a universal solution for swapping them for the following reasons. First, PVC and FEP-based cables have benefits too, they may have a slight but a logical plus point over LSZH cables. In open spaces where smoke and gases can disperse quickly, PVC and FEP work well. LSZH cables are expensive than PVC FEP- based cables. In short, LSZH cables are best suited for setups in which traditional cables could be hazardous. They are not envisioned to replace traditional cables in every application.
LSZH cables should be a priority where many cables are installed in a narrowed space and are close to each other. Moreover, where evacuation is restricted, ventilation is poor, and a high voltage is present.
Nafees Cables is just a call away for advice, appointment, and inspection to fix any electrical query or bug.
Copper cables are one of the most cost-effective solutions to hit sky-high profits. Copper cables are harder than other bond pad metals and it gets oxidized with least difficulty. The bonding of copper wire will require tedious optimization on all fundamentals that are described in the context of the supplier, Input, process, output, and customer chart.
Copper cables are cost-effective
Copper cables occupy over 50% of the market and it has the highest electrical conductivity after silver. It has proved to be the best economical and affordable conductor of electricity. It saves money by reducing electrical energy loss and enhance energy efficiency inclusively.
The industry is working on two broader spectrums like the spike in customer’s expectations and secondly on rigorous regulatory requirements. IT professionals of downstream industries have witnessed copper cables’ effectiveness on technical, environmental, and cost-cutting perspectives.
Copper wires are resource-efficient and promote a circular economy.
Manufacturing of wires, cables, and electrical equipment is comprised of two-thirds of copper use because of its highest electrical conductivity.
Copper is trying to meet silver in terms of conductivity. It conducts heat superbly, and heat sinks are very important in electronic components, and it saves a lot in the form of energy and money.
Copper cables have surpassed other materials in saving energy that has lead to more compact designs.
Copper compactness is intense as it saves on other materials. Without copper 20 % more materials were used in electrical types of equipment and cables.
Copper’s role is extensive when it comes to saving energy. Through copper wires and cables, it acts at the structural level to generate energy savings through management and controls.
For the small business enterprise, business managers are focused on their IT infrastructure, they have to concentrate on their employee’s mobile devices, cabling, Wi-Fi, laptops, a printer, and above all Internet connectivity. These are the basic rudiments to create an IT infrastructure. The decision-makers are inclined to opt for cost-cutting ways, and for it, copper cabling is the best option to avail.
To run smooth modern corporate IT infrastructure copper cabling is used.
Electrical equipment that holds more copper runs serener and saves money. With copper cabling less costly energy you’ll lose as heat. And the more prolific you can put to work.
Due to copper wiring, electrical equipment’s reliability and service life has extensively increased. The cost of air handling and cooling is not needed in copper cabling.
Copper is a chemical element present from the kitchen to corporate offices. It is because it puts less burden on finances, and it is perceived from its virtual reality.
You can save money by a solid copper cabling that can withstand extreme climate conditions and lasts longer.
The use of copper is considered to be ideal on the global spectrum. Moreover, copper wires are used broadly, as they are compatible with most building structures and appliances. Copper cables are appropriate, easily accessible, and are mass-produced by multiple companies worldwide.
Copper does not only save money but it also has malleable strength and resistance to corrosion ensures that they last long.
Sit down with your plant engineer or facilities manager. Compare the costs. We are sure that you will pick Nafees Cables to accomplish quality assurance goals to save a lot in terms of money and energy.
Junction boxes are enclosures usually made of metal or plastic used as housing for wiring connections. Heat is generated due to the twisted wires in which connection causes resistance to the flow of electricity. It is important to cover an electrical junction box regardless of its location.
Why the junction box should be covered?
The only answer to the question is “safety”. The junction box should be covered because it houses the splices where wires are connected. A negligent touch could inadvertently damage the wires or get a shock. A missing junction box cover can be perilous because it acts like a shield that protects the wires from unintentional human contact. The junction box is usually located at the acquainted place where you tend to be less careful, and the uncovered junction box could be dicey. Moreover, a covered junction box is a line of defense against the blowout of electrical fires generated by heat.
Down there are possible consequences that can be faced with uncovered junction boxes.
Uncovered junction boxes can outspread accidental fire.
Electrical panels and breaker plates are at high risk if junction boxes are not covered with plastic or metal covering.
Junction boxes having damaged, cracked, or whittled covering should be immediately replaced because bared wires can be life-threatening.
Revealed junction boxes increase the potential of electrical shock by young children and adults, and it would be a rational decision to keep it covered.
Electrical boxes protect wire connections and safeguard people and property. Uncovered junction boxes lead to spread heat and sparks or short circuits.
Right-sized junction boxes are obligatory to give a proper shield against catastrophe.
Tightly crammed wiring escalates the risk of short circuits. That is why you should follow box sizes specified by Nafees Cables.
Uncovered junction boxes expose combustible wall material and extend the chances of stray sparks or heat igniting over the surface.
When junction boxes are not covered electrical faults become dangerous. Vulnerable cables are extremely unsafe.
Wires are secured with clamps to prevent strained connections, for this approved cable clamps are suggested unless metal junction boxes will damage wiring because of its sharp edges. Nafees Cables is proficient for electrical inspection and to replace broken covering of junction boxes.
Loose fittings increase the risk of short circuits, and it is one of the most hazardous consequences of uncovered junction boxes.
Nafees Cables has the expertise to excel and propel customers to trust, we offer great prices on electrical supplies. Contact us to fix any electrical bug with cost-operative solutions.
An electrical accident is called a short circuit and it can be destructive to your electrical system. Moreover, short circuits can cause serious damage to your tangible and intangible assets.
Why short circuits occurred?
Short circuits befell when a low-resistance path is not appropriate to carry electricity receives a high-volume electrical current. In simple language, short circuits happen when a hot wire touches a discordant conductive object.
The result of a short circuit
The short circuit can damage an electrical appliance, electrical shock, or even can cause combustions. So, it is necessary to take preventive steps to avoid a hazardous situation.
Here are a few steps which can be helpful to avert short circuits
Proper Check of Outlets Before Use
An outlet is a box at the back which is attached with wires. The common possible causes of a short circuit are
An old/aged outlet
Loose box connections
Identifying the actual defect can be puzzling and problematic. Though they are hidden behind your walls what you can do is to keep a proper timely examination of your outlets. Constant inspection can specify certain signs that the outlet is may be at risk of a short circuit.
Burn marks on the wall or outlet
Cracking or buzzing sound coming from the outlet
Sparking from outlet
Overaged outlet (15-25 years old)
If any of these signs appear, it would be suggested to stop using the particular outlet and contact Nafees Cables to opt for precautionary measures.
Check Appliances Before Use
Electrical appliances are also needed to be monitored before getting them plugged. Short circuits can occur of a wrong circuitry from the appliance itself. It is professionally recommended to examine the electrical appliance on these signs:
Scratched wire and casing
Unusual cracks in the appliance
The appliance has visible circuitry
If you observe any of these signs, you have only two options either disposing of or having a qualified repair of the appliance.
Avoid Electrical Usage During Storms
The most common and dangerous way of short circuits is a lightning strike. Unusually low or high voltage can bring unimaginable serious damage. It is suggested to abstain from excessive electrical usage during a lightning storm. It will diminish the chances of possible damage in case of a power surge occurs.
Basic Circuit Breaker Maintenance is a wise option
The electrical system has its protection system against short circuits, that are its circuit breakers. These tiny gears safeguard against perilous situations. They are located in the electrical panel. Circuit breakers are shut off when unstable electrical currents are deemed to flow in electrical wires.
It is suggested that make a practice to perform basic circuit breaker maintenance guidelines to help confirm their function.
Here are a few tips that actually work.
The circuit breaker should not have shown any sign of a crack, damage or lose fittings
Clean any dirt with a dry cloth located on the breaker
If you would like to better keep your circuit breakers using professional assistance, feel comfortable to contact Nafees Cables for your circuit breaker services.
Schedule an Electrical Inspection (at Least Once a Year)
An electrical inspection is as essential as a doctor’s appointment required for a sick fellow, and it should be scheduled at least once a year. Only a skilled person can examine your electric system and Nafees Cables is privileged in the respective field. Timely pinpointed flaws avert short circuits beforehand. Nafees Cables are proficient for electrical inspection, proper circuitry monitoring, and cost-effective solutions. Schedule one today!
Copper captivates the modern world; it is because of its infinite recyclable properties. It has a complete hold either on the cooperate sector or for domestic usage, from electric generation to the power supply to homes copper is everywhere. Bare copper is the 99.99 % pure copper used in wires for its 100 % conductivity, the most essential part on earth has become a necessary part of our daily lives.
Pure copper wires assure 100% conductivity
Copper is the supreme conductor of electricity after silver and is extensively used all over the world to manufacture electrical appliances by meeting satisfactory levels. It also assures high thermal conductivity and resistance to corrosion. This makes the metal hard-wearing for a longer period even at extreme settings. Furthermore, copper also has ductility and malleability properties which make it flexible and twistable to get into any shape and size. Copper wires are obtainable in the following forms as per the requirement
Here are a few impeccable benefits of pure copper wires.
Pure copper wire is highly heat resistant and works well in extreme environmental settings.
After silver, copper wires give 100 % conductivity that made it prevalent in the electrical industry.
Heavy electrical operations require huge loads of electricity and pure copper wire fixes without being damaged.
Copper wire is well-comprised of ductility and malleability, that’s why it easily gets into any shape and size. It can be easily made thinner than a single strand of human hair. Its twisting and bending quality make the metal globally popular.
Pure copper wire is more expensive than silver (a.k.a. aluminum), but because of it’s efficiency in conductivity, it is extensively used in diversity. For instance, it is used in industries like telecom companies, marine, electrical, and manufacturing.
Copper wire is supple and holds high electrical and thermal conductivity.
Copper wire is 100% safe and reliable for all types of electrical practice.
The melting point of copper wire is very high, it can withstand continuous at high temperature without getting melted. The said property is money and lifesaver.
Pure copper wire is more durable and long-lasting than other metal wires.
It does not become slack with use and time. It requires the least repair without creating unnecessary problems.
Pure copper wire is always compatible with in-home usage.
Electrical appliances use copper wire, so it is obligatory to use pure copper wire for home wiring. Else, it could lead to lethal accidents if other metal wire is used as wiring.
The copper wire does not tear off in high humidity and wet conditions. Its corrosion-resistant property makes it highly demanded.
Why Choose Us?
Nafees Cables is a well-known name in Pakistan that has been manufacturing premium quality of copper wire in various forms. We are on the brink to grab the latest modern technologies to meet the customized needs of our customers by hitting all satisfactory levels. So, feel comfortable to contact whether you are from corporate or domestic spectrums and concerned to purchase 99.99% pure copper wire. Please visit at www.nafeescables.com